Commentaries & Articles

The New Great Game: Rivalry Among Regional And Trans-Regional Powers in Central Asia

April 04, 2024 Rugveda Mayakuntla

Central Asia is described as the ‘heartland of world politics’ along with some East European countries by Halford Mackinder. In his Heartland theory, he says, that whoever controls the Heartland, would control the world.

Achieving Indian Interests Amidst Russia-China Concord

March 30, 2024 Prashant Sharma

The conclusion of the Cold War had a profound impact on the distribution of power among major nations, with its most notable consequences unfolding in Europe. In Europe, the reunification of the two German states into one had significant implications.

A Half-Century of Diplomatic Ties between India and South Korea: Charting a Course for the Future

March 27, 2024 Aanchal Sinha

Apart from Southeast Asia, India is another fixture of South Korea's New Southern Policy (NSP). Yet though India has been described as a "core pillar" of South Korea's foreign policy, Seoul has struggled to create momentum in the partnership in recent years.

BRICS Expansion and the Quest for Leadership: India, China, and Beyond

March 26, 2024 Mohit Gajbhiye

The BRICS group, comprising Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, has evolved into a significant force on the global stage since its inception in 2006. Recently, there has been a surge of interest from nations worldwide, eager to join the BRICS ranks

Treatment of Captured Women by Terrorist Groups

March 25, 2024 Kashvi Chaudhary

This research article presents a study on the way captured women are treated by terrorist groups, mainly ISIS. It also explores the roles women play, or are made to play in these organisations. The piece focuses on the way women are recruited and brainwashed

India's Act Far East Policy

March 24, 2024 Aarush Joshi

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in an open session of the 5th Eastern Economic Forum, unveiled the ‘Act Far East’ Policy for India. An announcement was also made that India would extend a $1 billion line of credit towards the development of the Far East.

Hackers and Hostilities: The Role of Cyber Espionage in Global Conflicts

March 12, 2024 Puloma Pal

Cyber espionage refers to a kind of hack where the objective is to get or pilfer intellectual property (IP) or sensitive or classified material for purposes of competition, politics, or the economy. Cyber spies get into their targets' networks or devices using

The Skardu Protests: Could Jammu and Kashmir Reunify?

September 06, 2023 Rajat Ganguly

Last week, a massive protest by the area's Shia population broke out after the authorities arrested a Shia cleric under Pakistan's draconian blasphemy laws that were recently reinforced and made even more stringent. Over the past six days, massive crowds have

Reviving Khalistan: Analysing the Current Movement and its Impact on National Security

August 05, 2023 Amandeep Kumar

Khalistan movement which once considered dead after the blood-soaked years of the 1970s and 80’s again started to show its colours with different versions in recent times under the current political dispensation. Be it damaging Hindu places of worship..

The Indo-Pacific Paradox: Traditional and Non-Traditional Security Concerns

July 12, 2023 Uma Shankar Sahu

The Indo-Pacific area, which stretches from the west coast of America to the east coast of Africa, has grown significantly more important geopolitically in the twenty-first century. Its vast territory includes a complex mix of nations, cultures, and a thriving

Sudan Crisis And Its Geopolitical Analysis

July 11, 2023 Visakha G

Sudan has been in a state of perpetual conflict and violence since freedom from British in 1956. The violence that erupted was a direct consequence of the British policies and these policies are engrained in the people’s psyche which has had disastrous results

Left Wing Extremism: Threat to India's Internal Security

April 24, 2023 Uma Shankar Sahu

Over time, India has transformed itself from a developing nation to one which is now playing a pivotal role in shaping the future of its people and the world. Despite this growth, India still suffers from an internal security threat. In recent years..

China's Non-Traditional Security: Focus on Western China

April 20, 2023 Visakha G

Non-Traditional security is a branch of Security studies; it was developed to give way to the rapidly unfurling state of international and internal affairs of nations. It refers to non-military threats that may include various issues like human rights, climate

Chinese Threat to The Submarine Cables and Prospective Countermeasures

April 18, 2023 Arghish Akolkar

Submarine cable infrastructure is the backbone of the global economy today. It is the sole reason that today's world can enjoy wireless connection in various forms, from messaging, telecommunication, emails and websites. The submarine cables run across..

Is AUKUS a Back Door Entry of NATO into the Indo-Pacific?

April 14, 2023 Rajat Ganguly

The Australian government has signed a deal with the US and the UK to buy up to 8 nuclear attack submarines (SSNs). The total package may cost Australian taxpayers upwards of $368 billion. The first three subs (most likely refurbished Virginia class SSNs)...

India's G20 Presidency: What is on the Agenda?

February 07, 2023 Hanisha Shivnani

On December 1st, the presidency of India commenced for G20 which was previously held by Indonesia. G20 as the group has immense potential to shape the global order as it contains 19 countries and the EU as a member.

Dharma: Religion - Not A Mirror Image

December 16, 2022 Vikas Singh Panwar

The oft-repeated shibboleth ‘All religions are equal’ appears to be a hackneyed utterance which insinuates the absence of an eloquent decipherment and understanding of the true meaning and difference between the Semitic and the Dharmic worldview. Do ‘religion’

The Future of Afghanistan’s Rare-Earth-Elements Industry

September 29, 2021 Sneha Sebastian

The rare earth elements (REE) are a group of seventeen metallic elements. The term “rare” refers to their even, but scarce, distribution around the world. Rare-earth elements

State recognition in International Law - A case study of Kosovo

March 04, 2022 Anshu Singh

The article discusses state recognition in international Law. Under International Law, recognition of a state can be defined as: A state acknowledgment or acceptance as an international personality by the existing State of the international community.

India and the Ukraine war

December 16, 2022 Rajat Ganguly

The Russian invasion of Ukraine, which shows no signs of abatement, has become a major point of contention between India and the West. On several occasions in the past few months, EAM Jaishankar has had to explain ...

Talibanisation of Afghanistan

August 19, 2021 Maj Gen Dr Rajan Kochhar, VSM (Retd.)

The cat is finally out of the bag. The much spoken about Afghan National Defense Forces (ANDF) have capitulated to a ragtag outfit of the Taliban fire fighters in less than 15 days. The only parallel of this kind of blitzkrieg in military ...

Kafir, Violent Jihad in School Textbooks: How State-Sponsored Radicalisation in Islamic World is Undermining the Global War on Terror

July 03, 2022 Yashas Arya

Pakistani-Canadian journalist and award-winning film-maker, Sharmeen Obaid Chinoy in her documentary, “Children of the Taliban”, reveals how Tehreek-e-Taliban (TTP) recruits and indoctrinates young boys through madrassas in (now erstwhile) ...


November 03, 2021 Fazal Ur Rehman Afridi

Pakistani journalists, human rights advocates, and civil society are subjected to the most severe forms of repression by Pakistan's military administration. Pakistan, according to reporters, is one of the world's worst countries for freedom of

Balochistan; land of Enforced Disappearances

November 03, 2021 Fazal Ur Rehman Afridi

There is no denying the fact that Balochistan is a land of Enforced Disappearances. Extrajudicial killings, arbitrary detentions, and torture have all occurred as a result of the valiant Baloch people's long struggle for freedom and liberty.

Pashtun Spring: A Grass Root Civil Political & Human Rights Movement

October 26, 2021 Fazal Ur Rehman Afridi

The Pashtuns, historically known as ethnic Afghans mainly live in Pakistan and Afghanistan. They speak the Pashto Language and adhere to Pashtunwali, which is a traditional set of ethics guiding individual and communal conduct123.

China's Influence On Global Educational Institutions And Its Geo-Intellectual Dominance

August 07, 2022 Sathya Pulukuri

China has always been keen on the US's information warfare tactics during both Gulf wars. The Chinese began believing in winning the war without actually fighting it, under their Confucian approach, in other words, adopting Non-Kinetic ...

North East Insurgency

October 27, 2021 Lakshmi Priya Panicker

India’s concerns with the North East insurgency has not been quelled since independence. With the changing trajectory of geopolitics and technology, the situation remains complex. This article gives an insight into the origins of insurgency and India’s